If you have been performance tuning your Ubuntu rig you may have run across a nifty tool called e4rat. This tool allows you to optimize the location of files your system accesses during its boot process, and pre-load them in memory in order to speed up boot times. This idea is definitely not new, as there have been similar tools to do this in the past such as ureadahead or sreadahead. However, e4rat is a new tool which uses some recent Linux kernel functionality introduced alongside the ext4 filesystem. On the e4rat homepage, the author goes into more detail:
e4rat (“Ext4 – Reducing Access Times”) is a toolset to accelerate the boot process as well as application startups. Through physical file realloction e4rat eliminates both seek times and rotational delays. This leads to a high disk transfer rate.
Placing files on disk in a sequentially ordered way allows to efficiently read-ahead files in parallel to the program startup. The combination of sequentially reading and a high cache hit rate may reduce the boot time by a factor of three, as the example below shows.
e4rat is based on the online defragmentation ioctl EXT4_IOC_MOVE_EXT from the Ext4 filesystem, which was introduced in Linux Kernel 2.6.31. Other filesystem types and/or earlier versions of extended filesystems are not supported.
This tool may be for you if you:
Use ext4 filesystem
Have a non-SSD Hard Drive
Want to speed up your boot time!
However, there is a rather unfortunate dependency issue that might have bugged some people (including myself). Currently in Ubuntu 12.04 e4rat conflicts with ureadahead, while ureadahead is a part of the ubuntu-minimal metapackage!
This caused the problem of having to uninstall ubuntu-minimal if you wanted to use the e4rat package, potentially opening the door to unexpected problems for your next dist-upgrade. On top of this, e4rat requires that you modify your init kernel option in grub.cfg, and may not clean itself up when you remove the package. This could potentially leave your system in a non-bootable state if e4rat is removed until you fix your grub config.
To address this problem and make things safer, I’ve created a PPA containing a rebuilt ubuntu-minimal package without the ureadahead dependency. It also includes a rebuilt e4rat package containing a postrm cleanup script to remove any init=e4rat-* kernel options you may have added to your /etc/default/grub file.
Here’s what will happen:
Upon dist-upgrade, this PPA will be disabled in /etc/apt/sources.list.d/trinitronx-minimal-no-ureadahead-precise.list.distUpgrade
The dist-upgrade will continue because this ubuntu-minimal package is still installed
ubuntu-minimal will be upgraded to the latest version, *with* dependency of ureadahead
apt will detect a conflict with e4rat, and remove it when installing the new ureadahead package
If you have my e4rat package installed, the postrm script will take care of your /etc/default/grub entry, and re-run update-grub to update your /boot/grub/grub.cfg
Your system should now reboot fine!
How to install & use e4rat
To install e4rat from my PPA (and avoid potential issues later down the line), follow these simple steps:
Install my PPA, Remove stock ubuntu-minimal and ureadahead & install re-packaged ubuntu-minimal & e4rat
After you’ve got it installed, you’ll follow the same steps helpfully outlined in this article.
First e4rat needs to analyze the files accessed within the first 120 seconds of your system boot process. If you wish to override the default timeout of 120 seconds, you’ll need to edit your /etc/e4rat.conf before you reboot, and uncomment the line that looks like this:
; timeout 120
And change it to however long in seconds you want. Here’s an example for 4 minutes:
To collect the list of files, you’ll need to reboot and tell grub to run e4rat-collect first thing (the init process is the first process started when booting). To do this, follow these steps:
Reboot your system & wait for the GRUB menu to pop up. When it does, highlight your Linux kernel and hit the “e” key to edit the configuration. Search for the kernel line, which varies a bit on everyone’s system, but should look something like this:
linux /boot/vmlinuz-3.2.0-36-generic root=UUID=badcafe0-f00d-babe-feed-facef00d0000 ro quiet splash
Add init=/sbin/e4rat-collect to the end like so:
linux /boot/vmlinuz-3.2.0-36-generic root=UUID=badcafe0-f00d-babe-feed-facef00d0000 ro quiet splash init=/sbin/e4rat-collect
Hit Ctrl+X or F10 to continue booting. e4rat will collect a list of files accessed within the first 120 seconds (or whatever timeout you chose)
After 2 minutes (or your timeout) is up, check that /var/lib/d4rat/startup.log exists.
ls -l /var/lib/e4rat/startup.log
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 307549 Nov 26 11:50 /var/lib/e4rat/startup.log
If so, you can proceed. (Feel free to check what files it found too
Note: After rebooting for this step, you may want to follow this helpful tip from LifeHacker:
For the purposes of collecting the right files, act as you normally would when you boot. E.g., if the first thing you do when you boot up your computer is open your browser and mail client, do that after you finish booting here. It’ll move those files too so those programs launch extra quickly. Once your two minutes are up, you can stop “acting”.
Next, reboot your computer again and edit your Grub line as before. This time, add the word single to the end of the kernel line like so:
linux /boot/vmlinuz-3.2.0-36-generic root=UUID=badcafe0-f00d-babe-feed-facef00d0000 ro quiet splash single
This should reboot you into a terminal. (if you get a blue screen, pick the option to boot as normal) You can log in using your username and password. Once there, execute this command:
sudo e4rat-realloc /var/lib/e4rat/startup.log
Now you just need to set e4rat-preload to run first thing on boot. This time to make the change persistent, we will edit the /etc/default/grub config file, and change the GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT boot line. First open your favorite editor (feel free to use vi instead of nano if you wish).
sudo nano /etc/default/grub
Add “init=/sbin/e4rat-preload” to the end of the variable like so:
Congratulations, you’re done! On your next reboot, you’ll enjoy a much faster boot time!
DISCLAIMER: Although I have unit-tested the various pieces that will happen during the dist-upgrade process, I do not guarantee that you won’t run into any problems, so if you are in doubt, are paranoid, or are just extremely unlucky please remove e4rat & check your /etc/default/grub and /boot/grub/grub.cfg manually.
If something goes terribly wrong, you’ll probably need to remove the “init=/sbin/e4rat-preload” grub parameter from your /etc/default/grub file and run sudo update-grub manually.
If you are stuck with a kernel panic on booting, just reboot, press ‘e‘ to edit your grub command line, and remove any ‘init=/sbin/e4rat-*‘ you see there, then press F10 to boot.
In awareness of the problems facing our planet at this time, as well as the intellectual and internal premise upon which these most likely arise from, I have felt the urge to stress the importance of finding inner peace amongst the turmoil. Bashar has said “The degree of which we are experiencing any darkness is the degree to which we will also experience the light”. So no matter what circumstances happen to be arising, remember that this too shall pass.
: Like a Rubber Band all of the separated and charged energy in our world is ready to take us in a new direction. For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.
In the spirit of a love based non-duality principle, let us create the template of a more loving global community. One in which we collectively choose to foster peace, compassion, understanding, love, sharing, happiness and joy. We currently have all the tools and technology to solve our problems, now we just need to share, collaborate and seek solutions rather than more problems. If humanity were to apply the collaborative spirit of the Open Source movement to other areas, many of the blockages which caused the current problems could be cleared away. We have heard it from many spiritual masters and humanitarians of the past: Peace starts from within
“We can never obtain peace in the outer world until we make peace with ourselves.” – Dalai Lama
“Non violence begins with learning how to be less violent and more compassionate towards ourselves. We learn by building the courage to speak and act with respect. honor and reverence for our own being.” – Ghandi
“It’s better to light a candle than curse the darkness.” – Peter Benenson
The people have the conscious choice within to choose peace in ANY moment. I choose peace NOW, and will try my best to choose it in every moment. I hope you will join me ^_^
In a dualistic paradigm, peace begins with awareness of the problem & forgiveness.
“People can expand their mental boxes and learn to see beyond outer differences, including race, ethnicity, nationality and sex. They can develop a true community spirit as human beings – or even better, as spiritual beings – and transcend the differences that normally divide people. In its essence, the purpose of the experiment is to break the isolationism that most groups of people have and force people to become more open to the universality behind appearances (Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgment. (John 7:24)). The ultimate universality being, of course, that all people are the offspring of the same God.” 
What exactly is Non-Duality?
Alan Watts is able to expound upon this concept:
” How would you feel if you saw everything as really one basic reality? Well, a lot of people think that it would be as if all the outlines and differentiations in the field of vision suddenly became vague and melted away and we saw only a kind of luminous sea of light.
However, rather advisedly, the Vedanta philosophy does not seriously use the word ‘one’ of the supreme self because the word and idea ‘one’ has its opposite ‘many’ on one side, and another opposite, ‘none’, on the other. It is fundamental to Vedanta that the supreme self is neither one nor many, but as they say, non-dual, and they express that in this word ‘advita’. A is a negative word like non. Dvita is from dva, same as the Latin duo, two. So advita is non-dual. At first this is a difficult conception because naturally, a Western logician would say, ‘But the non-dual is the opposite of the dual. Therefore, it has an opposite.’ This is true, but the Hindu is using this term in a special sense. On a flat surface I have only two dimensions in which to operate so that everything drawn in two dimensions has only two dimensions. How, therefore, on a two-dimensional level, can I draw in three dimensions? How, in logic, is it humanly rational to think in terms of a unity of opposites? All rational discourse is talk about the classification of experiences, of sensations, of notions, and the nature of a class is that it is a box. If a box has an inside, it has to have an outside. ‘Is you is or is you ain’t?’ is fundamental to all classifications, and we cannot get out of it. We cannot talk about a class of all classes and make any sense of it. However, on this two-dimensional level, we can create, by using a convention of perspective, the understanding of a third dimension. If I draw a cube, you are trained to see it in three dimensions, but it is still in two. However, we have the understanding that the slanting lines are going out through the back to another square, which is behind the first one, even though we are still on two dimensions. The Hindu understands this term advita as distinct from the term ‘one’ to refer to that dimension. So when you use the word advita, you are speaking about something beyond duality, as when you use those slanting lines you are understood to be indicating a third dimension which cannot really be reproduced on a two-dimensional surface. That is the trick. It is almost as if whatever we see to be different is an explicit difference on the surface covering an implicit unity. Only it is very difficult to talk about what it is that unifies black and white. (Of course, in a way the eyes do. Sound and silence are unified by the ears). If you cannot have one without the other, it is like the north and south poles of a magnet. You cannot have a one-pole magnet. True, the poles are quite different; one is north and the other is south, but it is all one magnet. This is what the Hindu is moving into when he is speaking of the real basis or ground of the universe as being non-dual. Take, for example, the fundamental opposition that I suppose all of us feel, between self and other – I and thou – I and it. There is something that is me; there is an area of my experience that I call myself. And there is another area of my experience which I call not myself. But you will immediately see that neither one could be realized without the other. You would not know what you meant by self unless you experience something other than self. You would not know what you meant by other unless you understood self. They go together. They arise at the same time. You do not have first self and then other, or first other and then self; they come together. And this shows the sneaky conspiracy underneath the two, like the magnet between the two different poles. So it is more or less that sort of what-is-not-classifiable (that which lies between all classes). The class of elephants opposite the class of non-elephants has, as it were, the walls of the box joining the two together, just, as your skin is an osmotic membrane that joins you to the external world by virtue of all the tubes in it, and the nerve ends, and the way in which the external energies flow through your skin into your insides and vice versa.” ~Alan Watts
So we are left with this idea of something which lies between all classes that unifies the opposites. I believe this lies in some form of understanding of spiritual Truth, which is beyond yet inclusive of all classes and all opposites. When we try to apply this non-dual perspective of that which is in a higher dimension to our experiences here on earth, things might get a bit confusing, especially without a tangible experience of this presumed higher dimension. I believe that in order to experience this higher dimension, some form of spiritual path must be followed. So if we are to say that all of our global problems arise from a level of consciousness in which separation-from and fear-of one another are the predominant ideas, then logically the solution would be perhaps to seek a non-dual form of consciousness. I believe that this form of consciousness is one based upon unconditional love for both self and one another. Many spiritual traditions and paths (at their True core) seem to be aligned with this and similar love-based qualities. However, this decision and choice between love and fear lies in each moment, and sometimes we can get caught in the collective fear-based separation consciousness, and make mistakes that may hurt one another. This can cause a meandering of the path, a seeking or more journeying in order to find the solution. So we must also seek qualities of forgiveness, compassion, tolerance, and acceptance towards one another, regardless of any conditions or qualities that we might project upon ourselves, another person, or group. From our perspective of each being living in a society in which parts may seem at odds, for some it seems that an extreme force and a government controlled paradigm are attractive. For others to which free will is an ideal, a more libertarian or “Laissez-faire” perspective is attractive. However in reality, a balance, or middle way between the two extremes is probably the best for the collective.
I believe that no matter the circumstances, it is always best to choose love. This can mean many things depending on each circumstance or moment. All beings have some level of free will, and so showing love amongst members of society cannot be “enforced”, and enforcing love would not be true love now would it?
“Love cannot be controlled. It cannot be predicted. It cannot be enforced. It cannot be enslaved. It cannot be killed. It cannot be defined. If you would speak of the depth, the power, and the infinite genius of love, think upon its ability to end all duality. Love has no opposites. It cannot be captured, and yet it willingly serves. It is infinitely free, and yet it abides in captivity. It cannot be enforced, and yet it is the basis of all law. It is the bringer of truth, and yet it never judges. It is the seer of all things, and yet it never condemns. It conquers by surrendering. It rules by lifting up. Through its mastery of paradox, love ends all duality.” – from Love Without End by Glenda Green
Rather than seeking to control the tools which people could use as weapons, rather than giving up our own personal freedoms, rather than giving into the collective unconscious fears and polarizing ideas brought up by any incident… instead let there be a space for love instilled in the hearts of every man and woman. For this alone can prevent all violence. Let those trapped in fear be awakened into the Light of the Love within their own hearts, and the hearts of all humanity. And let this principle of the most fundamental human emotion reflect both inwards and outwards, spreading a shockwave of compassion, forgiveness, understanding, peace, joy, happiness, and trust in God and our fellow humanity. All men and women are created equal, and with equal responsibility to themselves and one another to protect and reflect the innermost flame of Life itself.
How can we reflect you may ask? By first seeking to enlighten oneself, then sharing the knowledge we find with others. This at times can be a grueling inner-struggle. We may find that we are repressing something or that we are holding some belief that is not serving our highest good.
Can a blind man lead a blind man? So here’s my question with the occupy movements etc. or any movements for change…which target an opposition outside of themselves. If i throw the money changers out of the external temple but they are still in the internal temple (the mind of the one doing the throwing out)? What occupy movement will take care of the money changers in the inner temple? This is why the true masters showed the lonely way of inner change…first. Only real inner work on ur own shadow (inner opposition) and finding inner solid ground (Self) will immunize u from being hijacked into fake staged external left – right conflict, and see outside the illusion what is really going on. As long as we remain divided within we will be hijackable into fake dichotomies without. These fake dichotomies are not only political leftist versus rightist seeming contradictions, but almost everybody u meet…talk to, every talk u hear and give, everyone u ask for advice or try to help, every program u follow…every thing u encounter on a daily basis…will try to recruit u into some form or the other of “either or”, we versus them, black versus white….thinking…feeling. Every next trap u steer free from being seduced into taking sides…u have conquered the great force of Maya: the great illusion of duality. The truth behind the veil is that the poles r secretly one…This is why we so need the opposite to be One. The real program behind all left-right programs is to keep u in Maya (The Matrix)…or in division. They say fear is the ultimate control mechanism. It is not the ultimate one, division is. Yet beware when the manufactured division (chaos) is escalated toward its Zenith. For then a false Order (fake union) will be heralded in as salvation (ultimate ‘Solution’). Beware when they SAY Peace and Security…This will not be “real”, nor can it be a Hegelian solution to manufactured dissent, i.e., the full destruction of the opposition (repression of the shadow). The solar hero resulting from this full excision of the opposite will be raptured down over the wrong rainbow. The real one is a result of the integration of the opposites, not of renting them apart. Ojo!” -Dimitri Halley
To do this, we find that we have to be able to surrender to something higher than our little self. One has to take the beam out of our own eye and allow oneself to see nakedly, and have the great courage to present ourselves nakedly to others. This can be a difficult process. We might not always like the picture in the mirror, but in order to change it we don’t try and paint over the mirror. Instead, one would seek to change something in oneself to get the reflection to change.
Ok, I’m not going to lie. Sometimes this work is *really* hard. We might be faced with a set of terrible fears or circumstances beyond our control. Facing one’s own shadow is difficult. Dmitri Halley has more to say about this:
The shadow work is becoming naked before the light…nothing more to hide from myself. We seek to cover up our feelings of depression and anxiety; inadequacy, insecurity, abandonment, lack of foundation, never been backed up, emptiness…with all sort of highs/attachments (masks/coverings/cover stories); money, control, attention, power, food, plans… Yet God wants us to be naked. To experience life completely sober…no matter where it takes us or precisely because of where it takes us. To dare to accept the insecurity without covering it up with seeking assurance…To accept these feelings raw, honestly and within this contained vulnerability to let go/d (Self). Naked like birds who don’t plan for the next meal. Miracle cannot show up in ur life if u are driven by plans, insurances and huge salaries. The universe cannot conspire in ur life if u r not naked. The Nazarene appeared in a dream to a woman waiting for economic stability (a deal) before surrendering to Self and wherever “Thine Will” wanted to take her. He said: “Do u not remember I turned water into wine and stones into food.” The unadulterated light cannot shine in our sea of pisces if we keep covering up our shadow. -Dimitri Halley)
Resistance to this difficult work might have something to do with the current state of the world, and the course of human history. Alan Watts gives us many insights about the psychological process of recognizing that the potentials for both good and evil lie as much in oneself as in the other.
Alan Watts – Seeing Through the Game (Carl Jung Tribute)
Recently, while trying to install the cr-gpg Google Chrome Extension (blog post to come), I ran into a small problem trying to import the .crx file. This led me to find out what the .crx file type is, and how to extract it. As most of the posts on this blog are for rather advanced linux users, I’m going to try and make this more general and helpful for the general public.
The short answer: unzip!
It’s a .zip file with an extra header containing the author’s public key and GPG signature. You may want to strip it if you’re repackaging it.
Did you find a CRX file in your web browser’s “Downloads” folder on your computer and wonder what program should open it? Maybe you’ve been trying to install an unofficial Google Chrome Extension and got the message “Apps, extensions, and user scripts cannot be added from this website” when opening the .crx file.
A file with the CRX file extension is a Google Chrome Browser Extension Archive file.
According to a quick google search: CRX files might also be “Links Games Course” files (Although it comes up as a top result in Google, I couldn’t find any other info on this… I’m unsure if these are even a valid file type, or just google search spam?).
How To Open an CRX File:
As you probably know, the easiest way to open any file is to double-click it and let your PC decide which default application should open the file. If no program opens the CRX file then you probably don’t have an application (ie: Google Chrome) installed that can view and/or edit CRX files.
Warning: If you are on Windows, beware when opening executable file formats received via email or downloaded from websites which you are not familiar with. See this List of Executable File Extensions for file extensions to avoid and why. (If you are on linux, be smart, be secure, and be happy! ^_^)
The CRX file type is primarily associated with the ‘Google Chrome’ web browser by Google. Any file with extension CRX is likely a plugin file or as it is more commonly known: a Google Chrome Extension file. These files are used to package a Google Chrome extension, and can be installed in Google Chrome to add extra features to the browser.
The Google Chrome browser uses CRX files to provide extend-ability in the browser program. A Google Chrome CRX file is really just a renamed ZIP file with an extra bunch of bytes in the header to verify the plugin’s origin (and validate the private key’s signature using the public key). This is all done for security purposes, as we would not want to run or install any browser plugin from a source that we do not trust.
In theory, any archive/compression program, like 7-Zip, TUGZip, unzip, MacZip (all free) ORWinzip/WinRAR (non-free), will open CRX files for extraction (expansion/decompression). CRX files may also be opened using any other archive tools you may be familiar with to view the contents of the packaged plugin/extension. However, depending on whether your tool can ignore the file header correctly, you may need to strip it first to convert to a zip, or use another tool.
As of this writing, there is no way to open the CRX file in its default program (Google Chrome) and choose to save the open file as another file format. However, you may want to try 7-zip to extract it, modify to your liking, and then repackage it as a .ZIP.
There is one basic way to attempt to convert a CRX file to a ZIP file: strip the extra header!
Important: You cannot usually change a file extension (like the CRX file extension) to one that your computer recognizes and expect the newly renamed file to be usable. An actual file format conversion using one of the methods described above must take place in most cases.
To do this job, we’re going to have to resort to some basic unix commands: dd and tail
To strip the header, you’ll need to know how long it is first. Luckily, InfoZIP‘s unzip utility can tell us how long it is (tested on Ubuntu and CentOS with unzip versions 6.00 and 5.52 respectively):
# Get unzip if we don't have it
[ -z "$(which unzip)" -a -n "$(which apt-get)" ] && sudo apt-get -y install unzip
[ -z "$(which unzip)" -a -n "$(which yum)" ] && sudo yum -y install unzip
unzip -l file.crx
Recently I found it necessary to join two git repos together while still maintaining history & future ability to split or rejoin them. Enter the ‘git subtree‘ command.
Because this command is now merged into git-core since 1.7.11, we will need to install the latest git from a PPA. Note that as of ‘now‘, the latest available package from the PPA we will use is 1.8.0, and it currently installs the subtree script to /usr/share/doc/git/contrib/subtree. However, since the Makefile there expects asciidoc.conf to be in ../../Documentation/asciidoc.conf, we must checkout the source package & make from there.
I am using Ubuntu 12.04.1 LTS here.
Installing latest git-core + git-subtree
First add the PPA, update & upgrade. Then install git packages that are held back by apt. Also install asciidoc (optional if you want the manpage).
Next, install the source package & make git-subtree + manpage:
[ ! -e '~/src/git-core' ] && mkdir -p ~/src/git-core
cd ~/src/git-core && apt-get source git-core
[ -e '/usr/lib/git-core' ] && sed -i -e '/^libexecdir.*/ s|/libexec/|/lib/|' Makefile || echo '/usr/lib/git-core does not exist! Check that your libexec dir exists and reinstall git-subtree'
sudo make prefix=/usr && sudo make prefix=/usr install && sudo make prefix=/usr install-doc
This may not work for you if you’re not using Ubuntu (your prefix or libexec dir may be different). If in doubt, get git-core from upstream and build it from there, or install the script to $(git --exec-path)/git-subtree and chmod 755 it (see Makefile & INSTALL doc in contrib/subtree).
Now you should be able to use the ‘git subtree‘ command. For help, run ‘git help subtree‘ or ‘man git-subtree‘.
Some helpful examples of git subtree in use in the wild:
Update 2012-10-22: Currently the package for git 1.8.0 from the PPA does not include the git-prompt.sh script. If you are using the __git_ps1 function in your bash prompt, you’ll need to get the source package and find that file in /home/jcuzella/src/git-core/git-1.8.0/contrib/completion/git-prompt.sh. Install that file somewhere under your home directory and then add a line to your .bashrc file to source it. You’ll know if you need it because you’ll probably see this message after installing latest git:
After learning about the Law of Attraction (Law of Correspondence) and how “like attracts like”, something kept bugging me. From my physics background, I knew that positive attracts negative, and you could say that “like repels like” when speaking about electrical charges, or magnetic poles. Combining these two concepts seemed very paradoxical. How does God join Meta-Physics and Physics in a graceful way?
I recently came across a very intriguing video on youtube that visually conceptualizes the Past/Future space-time continuum, matter, and the hermetic laws, with deep symbolism in the great pyramid and sacred geometry encoded holographicallywithin as well. Let’s not get lost in the HisStory though. There is so much correlated information there that it would take a long time to delve into it, (my little self doesn’t fully understand it all completely yet either, and how could the infinite ever be completely comprehended?) however let’s focus on conceptually resolving the current paradox using the graph of Future & Past presented at 15:46.
As we know, the Law of Attraction is another name for the Hermetic Law of Correspondence. This law can be summarized as “As above, so below” or “as inside, so outside”. This transcendental property is used in the context of the LOA as a way to attract what One wants from the future into the present moment, and then as we experience it, it passes into the past. However, we also could say that all of future, present and past are contained within the Field of All Possibility. To the human mind, this concept is difficult to wrap one’s head around, and confusion and disorientation can result (ie: What’s past, present, & future? Where/When/Who am I?). For this reason, we understand our reality to flow in one direction from Future –> Present –> Past. To God/Higher Self/Source, in His higher perspective, all 3 are seen and known.
How is it that if on one level “like attracts like”, and on another “opposites attract”? The confusion arises when we don’t see the paradox from the Higher perspective. To understand, we must shift to another perspective. Let’s consider the Law of Polarity as a reflection of the physical “opposites attract” pattern we observe. This law states that “opposites are the same differing only in degree“. The degree concept is important. The potential is realized between the two ends of the spectrum as the electrons move on their journey. On the quantum level all matter and form is simply vibration of Energy at different frequencies. For example, the color Red (400–484 THz) is a lower vibrational frequency than Violet (668–789 THz), yet they are both photons vibrating at different frequencies. We can study the electromagnetic and visible light spectrum to see that this is the case.
Fig. 2: Diagram of a battery with a polymer separator.A battery acts as a charge separator. Voltage is the measured Potential Energy between the two +/- terminals. Source: Wikipedia
In physics we observe that negative attracts positive. Let’s visualize this as a battery (charge separator). The potential Voltage we measure is because we have separated the charges. The negatively charged electrons want to move towards the positive terminal to equalize and zero out the difference in charge. Usually we put some load between the terminals of the circuit in order to serve our purposes. This load has some non-zero resistanceR to the flow of current.
Going back to the metaphysical viewpoint, we can equate “Resistance to the Flow” to our negative or limiting beliefs, thoughts and subconscious habits of being. However, interestingly enough… it’s commonly through learning how to lower our resistance that we are able to find the most knowledge and value. In this respect, when we see our “negative” resistance as a learning tool, then many good things can come out of it! Indeed, by studying Newton’s Third Law in physics (see Hermetic Law of Cause and Effect in ‘meta-physics’) we can see that this is also true in that realm. For example, movement is only possible by having a resistance to push against. In order to evolve on our life journey and move forward, we must have some resistance to our force/intention to “push against”, transcend, and overcome.
Update 2012-10-19: It is also important to notice the parallel in the metaphor I present in the battery example. The ‘separation’ of charge yields an apparent duality, which is the result of the separation. Without the separation of charge, the electrons would not move on their journey, and the Voltage between the two terminals would be 0. Likewise, if we were born without ego and the belief of separation from everything, there would be no journey of realization… we would already just be in a state of knowing. In meta-physics and spirituality, this separation is the ego’s thought, behavior, and belief patterns resulting from the illusion of it’s separation from God.
By no means am I advocating for more creation of duality or separation. There is already enough suffering in the world. My purpose here is to hopefully shed some Light on the separated situation we find ourselves in, and in doing so, giving it meaning and value so that we may move past it gracefully. In doing so, we must move towards a more Beneficent, Symbiotic, and Love/Compassion based system, and away from the old dualistic, predatory, parasitic system.
: “When a photograph is cut in half, each piece shows half of the scene. When a hologram is cut in half, the whole scene can still be seen in each piece. This is because, whereas each point in a photograph only represents light scattered from a single point in the scene, each point on a holographic recording includes information about light scattered from every point in the scene.” Source: Hologram Wiki Page
(Originally written 12/9/2011; edited and completed 6/27/2012; Links Fixed on 12/14/2012)
I know it’s been a while since I was inspired to write a Life-related post (or any post in general), but today I found a muse… here goes.
This morning, I meditated upon waking. In my inner silence I resided in a calm formless darkness as small thoughts bubbled up to my consciousness. I was rather good today at maintaining focus and non-thought, and nothing was able to distract me from my goal. After about 25-30 minutes, I began my intentions. I sent out my wishes to the Universe, and felt them resonate deeply within me. I felt the desire within, through my emotions, and I visualized them in my mind’s eye. At this time, my visualizations were somewhat unclear. I tried to visualize an ideal living space out of mostly nothing, but thoughts and memories of other places I’ve been filled my mind’s eye. I focused on the aspects and qualities of those places that I most loved, and made those my intention. After doing the intention, I calmed my mind again for a minute or so, then opened my eyes and started my day.
On the drive to work, it was very foggy. At first it seemed cloudy and gray… I could not see the sun very well through the clouds close to my current residence. Once I got on the highway, the sun became apparent through the fog. At one point it was so brilliant that it lit up the fog, piercing through and filling it with light, yet still hidden as a blurred glow. The corona around it was blooming with light; I’m sure the cars going the other way on the highway could probably see colorful spectra and rainbow-like colors in the air surrounding it. I turned onto the on-ramp, back to the sun, and started on my path towards work. The road ahead was still foggy and reminded me of a dream-like state. Beautiful music poured out of my car speakers as I drove through my dreamland, perfectly awake and aware. I was aware of the road ahead, I was used to making this journey and knew the way. As I got closer, the fog began to fade… the path ahead crystallized and came into form. I passed a car that had been in an accident, a signpost on the way to remind me to be careful. I made it to work on time.
As I was making the drive, I realized that it very well fit the metaphors and concepts that have been coming into my realization and life lately. When doing intention or creating new things in our lives, it is difficult to simply conjure them out of thin air. As we guide our vessel through life, the path ahead is sometimes foggy and unclear, filled with the unknown, dangers along the way, and our fears. To move past them, we must focus on where we want to go or what we want to create. We must look at our past, focus on the aspects or things that we most loved, the good, and sometimes the aspects of the bad things that we can transform into good by learning from these experiences. We must create the new things in our lives out of these ideas. This iterative and perpetual process of crystallization of ideas is what I liken to an ‘alchemical’ process of the mind. We are each a single expression of the Great Mind of the Universe, and so for us we cannot see the whole picture all of the time. We combine the elements, concepts, ideas, qualities, and processes that work best for us to create the most wonderful forms and effects in the real world that we can. This is very vague and general, but it applies to any field (ie: intention, chemistry, art, programming, engineering, teaching, etc…)
There is an astounding amount of places in the universe where we can see these progressive evolving patterns. The Universe is a massive fractal of beautiful patterns! One of these is the Fibonacci sequence, and can be seen in many places in nature. A common example in nature is found in the sneezewort plant. This plant grows its branches in a Fibonacci pattern. For example: first 1 branch, then 2, then 1+2=3, then 2+3=5, 5+3=8, 8+5=13, etc…) Reflecting on this we may ask the question: “How does the plant know how to grow in this way?” It appears that this is just essentially the plant’s nature, which is stored in it’s DNA. It can also be said that it is the plant’s pattern of being. However, since it follows this additive pattern we could deduce that it looks at it’s past developed branches, and adds them to determine how to grow in it’s future.
Drunvalo Melchizedek puts it this way:
“When the plant adds it’s past, 3, to it’s present, 5, it knows where the future is, and it knows exactly that the number is 8. And this is the situation that humanity is in right now. It’s like, we are, the modern world is like, 5 right now, and it doesn’t know where it’s going. It’s completely disconnected from it’s past. And when it reconnects with it’s past, which is what’s about to happen on Earth, when it does reconnect with it’s past, it then remembers the ancient world. And when it adds the ancient world to the modern world, it knows exactly where it’s supposed to go. We have to know where our consciousness is going to expand to. And we can’t know that without the ancient world. It’s essential, It’s not an option, we have to. And the ancient world is completely prepared, they’re ready, they know they need us. And, um, but we just don’t know we need them.”
This statement is key to the analogy: “When the plant adds it’s past, 3, to it’s present, 5, it knows where the future is, and it knows exactly that the number is 8″ It looks at it’s past and combines them together to determine the future! This is an example of the alchemical (sexuality) aspect of the creation process of the Universe. We can see another example of this creation process in the trigrams and hexagrams of the I Ching. The Yin and Yang aspects combine to form many combinations. We combine these combinations to produce 64 hexagrams. If you are not familiar with the I Ching, but are familiar with binary code, you can see essentially the same process as we add more bits to represent larger and larger numbers. For any given number of bits, we combine the Yin (0) and Yang (1) ad-infinitum to produce all combinations of zero and one that fit in this space. Eventually, we keep adding more bits until we can represent all the numbers stretching out towards infinity. Even the concepts of Dark (Yin) and Light (Yang) complement each other to produce all the colors we can see on our displays ( in hex #000000 = black and #FFFFFF = white ). All of manifest reality is dual in nature, and with a trained eye, One can spot the Yin and Yang at play in anything.
The cycle of Yin and Yang can be seen in Earth’s Day & Night cycle. Yin Yang is the fundamental principle, and the most important theory in Traditional Chinese Medicine, underlying all physiology, pathology & treatment. Source: Sacred Lotus Arts: Traditional Chinese Medicine.
Each pair of opposites complements the other. Light and Dark, Left and Right, Front and Back, Acid and Base, Hot and Cold, East and West, Summer and Winter, Past and Future, Order and Chaos; One cannot truly understand one part without the other for contrast. Without contrast, things would deteriorate into sameness. Without balance, things would deteriorate into extremes and self-annihilate. The key is balance.
“On one level, when there is an antagonistic relationship between opposites this leads to destruction. However, from the larger perspective, the balance of Nature is always maintained.”
This can be seen in many ways, but the one humanity (especially the West) struggles with most is the ‘good’ vs. ‘evil’ duality principle. One way to begin understanding and reconciling this is that each contains a part (potential) of the other, either manifest or unmanifest. If you look at either one side of the paradox, it does not make sense because it is a half-truth. To solve the riddle, we must pull each complementary pair together in the middle. For good vs. evil, the answer is Unconditional Love. For Unconditional Love to exist philosophically or religiously speaking, one must learn to love one’s enemy as Jesus taught. For to put any condition upon love through the polaric lens of separation does not make it Unconditional by simple definition. This divine dance has played out throughout history, with archetypes tracing back all the way to ancient Greece and beyond. The interplay can be seen in the movie the Dark Knight. If You truly think about it… Batman would not be such a great and amazing hero if there weren’t an equally opposing evil force like ‘the Joker’, now would he? However, One must notice that he is not allcompletely and totally good (Yin) himself. (Remember also: Each contains an aspect of the other, and each of these aspects can be further separated into Yin and Yang principles as well towards infinity.)
“One must transcend from the duality of ‘for’ and ‘against’ into one organic unity which is without distinctions.” – Bruce Lee
On November 22nd, I discovered two vulnerabilities in sites based on Drupal Core 7.9 with default configuration. These were:
an automatic remote phishing vulnerability (automated email sent from drupal user’s website can contain links to an attacker’s site!) Suggested CVSS v2.0: AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:N/E:POC/RL:U/RC:C (What’s that?) Suggested Drupal Security Risk Level: Moderately Critical (3 of 5)
a potential XSS vulnerability (High Access Complexity… attacker must have MITM or control of a Proxy) Suggested CVSS v2.0: AV:A/AC:H/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:N/E:POC/RL:U/RC:C Suggested Drupal Security Risk Level: Less Critical (2 of 5)
The technical details of this vulnerability have been removed until further notice from the Drupal security team
When called on a url, it will spider the pages and any links found up to the depth specified.
After it's done, it will print a list of resources that it found.
Currently, the resources it tries to find are:
images - any images found on the page (ie: <img src="THIS"/>)
styles - any external stylesheets found on the page. CSS included via '@import' is currently only supported if within a style tag!
(ie: <link rel="stylesheet" src="THIS"/> OR <style>@import url('THIS');</style> )
scripts - any external scripts found in the page (ie: <script src="THIS"> )
links - any urls found on the page. 'Fragments' are discarded. (ie: <a href="THIS#this-is-a-fragment"> )
emails - any email addresses found on the page (ie: <a href="mailto:THIS"> )
An example script for doing something like this, 'www-benchmark.py', is included. It uses apache benchmark as an example.
Eventually I'll be experimenting with 'siege' for benchmarking & server stress-testing.
NOTE: Currently the spider can throw exceptions in certain cases (mainly character encoding stuff, but there are probably other bugs too)
Getting *working* character encoding detection is a goal, and is sorta-working... ish? Help in this area would be appreciated!
Filtering the results by domain is almost working too
Recently, I’ve received a couple requests to use some of my Photoshop artwork for various purposes. Up to this point, I’ve released all of my large pieces of art under a Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 3.0 Unported license. This means you can feel free to use them and create new works based upon them as long as you give me credit somehow. Feel free to contact me, however, because I’d love to know that other people are using it ^_^
So, as long as you mention that I’m the creator of this work somehow, then it’s all good
In case it’s not clear, the creative commons site makes this a little less confusing. Just click on the following image:
You may ask: why create yet another script for this? Well, I found a couple issues with the other implementations that bugged me.
After snapping, windows lost their original dimensions :-/
The left & right states failed to unset the horizontal maximized window property
Inputting the scripts directly into CCSM, or separate scripts was a bit messy
So, I created a single script that fixes these issues, and also adds another feature: Set a window’s size back to a default state. Currently, this default is set using a bash variable, because I usually like to keep my terminals and nautilus windows one manageable size. I also mainly find myself only using this snap feature on nautilus and terminal windows as well, so it works for me. Perhaps in the future there may be some need to keep track of each window’s individual default size… but that’s too complicated for now.
How to use:
Use -l for left, -r for right, -m for maximized, and -d for a “default” sized window. The default window geometry is configurable as a variable called $WIN_DEFAULTGEOM. If the variable is set at runtime, it will override the hardcoded value in the script. You can use this to create however many default window sizes you need if you set them in multiple commands in compiz. See the manpage for wmctrl for the format to specify window geometry arguments. (This is called <MVARG> in the manpage). If you’re wondering why I chose such a weird default value… it cooresponds to an 80×26 line terminal window on my resolution.
aero-resize -l # Snap left
aero-resize -r # Snap right
aero-resize -m # Maximize
aero-resize -d # Default size (as hardcoded in script)
# You may also use whatever geometry you wish like so:
WIN_DEFAULTGEOM=0,20,80,800,600 aero-resize -d
How to install:
Get the script and save as “aero-resize” someplace in your PATH (I put mine in ~/bin). Then add the commands you wish to your compiz command config, or simply use it in a terminal window to resize it.
chmod +x aero-resize
Here are some screenshots of my compiz settings. If, you’re still having trouble, follow the instructions in this video, but replace the commands he uses with my script.
Compiz config manager commands for aero snap script